Please see documents uploaded in the right hand menu for additional information. A summary of how we identify pupils with SEN is given below. Sue Steele is our SENCo – please do contact her through the main school office if you have any queries regarding SEN.
How we identify pupils with SEN
SEN legislation define Special Education Need as:
- When a child or young person has special educational needs. A child or young person has special educational needs if he or she has a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her.
- A child of compulsory school age or a young person has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she: (a) has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age or (b) has a disability which prevents or hinders him or her from making use of facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or mainstream post-16 institutions.
- A child under compulsory school age has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she is likely to be within subsection (2) when of compulsory school age (or would be likely, if no special educational provision were made)
- A child or young person does not have a learning difficulty or disability solely because the language (or form of language) in which he or she is or will be taught is different from a language (or form of language) which is or has been spoken at home.
- This section applies for this purposes of this Part:
- The definition of ‘SEN’ is focused on those pupils who require ‘special educational provision’ due to a learning difficulty or a disability
- School action and school action+ no longer exist. Children who are on the SEN register are either categorised as: (a) SEN Support – this means that school are providing additional support different from the kind generally provided for others of the same age or (b) EHC plan – this means that the pupil has an education, health and care plan. This is the new document that replaces statements. Pupils who already have a statement will have been transferred to a EHC plan.
There are 4 categories of Special Education Needs:
- Communication and interaction
- Cognition and Learing
- Social, mental, emotional health
- Sensory and/or physical disability
A child may have more than one category of Special Educational Needs
- Two children with the same disability or need may be placed under different categories depending on how their needs affect their ability to access the curriculum. For example:
Pupil A who has autism may be placed on the SEN register under Communication and Interaction as they require a high level of speech and language support, helping them to understand specific vocabulary and communicate their ideas.
Pupil B who also has autism may be placed on the SEN register under social, mental, emotional health as they are ‘overwhelmed’ within the school environment and need individual behaviour support and are involved with mental health services outside of school.